The EU-27 (EU Member States with the exception of the United Kingdom) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that Phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the Withdrawal Agreement. But they also begin to discuss a period of transition and explore their future relationship. The Declaration on the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration negotiated and signed in conjunction with the binding and broader Withdrawal Agreement in the context of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), colloquially known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. On the 17th. In October 2019, the UK and the EU reached an agreement on the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit) and on a transition period until 31 December 2020. EU citizens living in their host country before the end of the transition have a right of permanent residence under the Withdrawal Agreement, subject to certain requirements. Under the agreement, the UK and EU27 have the discretion to require EU or UK nationals to apply for a new residence status. The United Kingdom left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020.
During this period, the UK must comply with all EU rules and laws. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised Withdrawal Agreement and the Political Declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. The Gibraltar Protocol shall apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the provisions relating to citizens` rights, which shall continue thereafter. The Protocol regulates the preparation of the application of the part of citizens` rights of the Withdrawal Agreement and allows the application of Union law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain reach an agreement on this matter; establishes cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax, environmental protection and fisheries matters, as well as in police and customs matters. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation at operational level between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain, including through the establishment of joint committees on citizens` rights, the environment, police, customs and tobacco. This briefing note examines in detail the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK and concluded on 14 November 2018.
It was presented by the Heads of State or Government of the EU Member States at an extraordinary summit of the European Council on 25 September. In November, and the British Prime Minister promoted it in the British Parliament and throughout the country. The agreement has been debated in detail several times in Parliament and voted on three times. But the House of Commons did not approve it. A second Extension of Article 50 has extended the withdrawal date until 31 October 2019, but once again the UK faces the possibility of leaving the EU without a deal if that deal or any other deal is not ratified by the UK and the EU. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins the British general election. It is therefore likely that the Brexit agreement will be adopted soon. If the UK Parliament approves the deal, the European Parliament will be able to vote on it in January. The signed copy of the deal was sent to Downing Street in a diplomatic bag for signature by the Prime Minister. On Thursday, the Withdrawal Agreement received royal approval from the Queen. The document, which is nearly 600 pages long, contains agreements on citizens` rights, the UK`s £33 billion financial commitments to the bloc and the Northern Ireland Protocol, which sets out how to maintain an open border on the island of Ireland.
On Friday, EU leaders signed the document in Brussels before it was transported by train to London. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide on the way forward: the House of Commons votes in favour of the Brexit law. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January. However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have not yet approved the agreement. The UK will keep a copy of the agreement while the original will return to Brussels, where it will be kept in archives with other historic international agreements. On 22nd October the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit legislation. But he decided it needed longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that a withdrawal with an agreement on the scheduled Brexit date of 31 October is no longer possible. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the UK Parliament.
The government has pledged to hold a vote on a resolution in both houses of Parliament before the EP vote, calling on each house to approve the withdrawal agreement. So far, the UK Parliament has had two “significant votes” but had not approved the November 2018 withdrawal agreement, despite EU assurances in January 2019 that the backstop should not be permanent, and further interpretations and clarifications in March 2019. The Strasbourg “package” of clarifications and the Attorney General`s opinion on them are discussed in House of Commons Background Paper 8525, The “Strasbourg Package”, 13 March 2019. Under the EU data protection framework, personal data cannot be transferred to third countries (e.g. B the United Kingdom when they leave the EU) only if an “adequate” level of protection is ensured. One possibility is that the European Commission will take an adequacy decision. The VA includes data processed or received before the end of the transitional period or on the basis of the agreement. EU data protection law would apply in the UK with regard to the processing of personal data of persons located outside the UK if the data has been processed under EU law before the end of the transition period or after the end of the transition period. Those rules would not apply if the processing was the subject of an adequacy decision.
If an adequacy decision is no longer applicable, the UK should ensure that its data processing is “substantially equivalent” to EU law. The NI protocol, known as the “backstop,” is supposed to be temporary and valid unless it is replaced by a future relationship agreement that the parties will seek to conclude by December 31, 2020. The Protocol foresees that the common travel area and North-South cooperation will continue to a large extent as before, as will the internal electricity market (so that some EU legislation on wholesale electricity markets will continue to apply). The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department`s renegotiation in 2019. .